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Machine Building

Basic facts

Milestones of Bulgarian Machine Building

 

1878 -1960

Basic Development

 

1878 - Arsenal (military products) was founded in 1878 in the town of Ruse as first factory meant to serve the newly created Bulgarian Army

 

1881 - Shipyard Ruse was found

 

1907 - Foundation of the company for production of agricultural machines in Ruse

 

1924 - Bodyshell workshop in Botevgrad has produced the first bus

 

1925 - Were created two aircraft plants in Bozhurishte and Kazanlak

 

1936 - In 1936 in Sofia, started production of the first Bulgarian trams

 

1941 - The technical school in Sofia is established to become later the biggest Technical university in Bulgaria

 

1948-1958 - Beginning of construction of manufacturing plants for transportation machinery and investment equipment

 

1957 - Beginning of production of forklift trucks in Sofia

 

1958 - In Shumen starts production of heavy duty vehicles

 

 

1960 -1989

Golden Age

 

1969 - In Plovdiv began assembling the cars Renault 8 and Renault 10

 

1974 - In Botevgrad begins mass production of buses “Chavdar“

 

1979 - The Heavy Machinebuilding Plant - Radomir (district of Sofia) is put into operation.

 

1970-1989 - There are 730 factories and 430 000 employed. The leading role of machine buildingcontributed for 30% of the total country manufacture in the late 80’s

 

1987 - The production of industrial forklifts reached about 89 000 units, which represented more than 20% of the world production

 

 

1990-1999

Transition


1991 - MTG DOLPHIN PLC was established in January 1991 as the first private ship repair company in Bulgaria. During the last 15 years the company has managed to build new ship repair and ship building yard.

 

1995-1996 - Assembling of Rover in Varna

 

1999 - Liebherr (Germany) started production in Bulgaria near Plovdiv

 

2006 - Four ship building companies are operating in Bulgaria, two in Varna, in Ruse and Burgas


2006 - Montupet enter in Bulgaria with its factory in Ruse

 

2007 - The Austrian group Palfinger opens new plant in Tenevo for production of cylinders and hydraulic components

 

 

2000 – today

Cluster Inception

 

2008 - German companies IXETIC and Witte Automotive opened their plants in Rakovski Industrial Zone and respectively in Ruse for production of automotive components

 

2008 - Yazaki established its first factory in Yambol

 

2008 - German company Lufthansa Technik opened maintenance facility for repair and overhaul of aircrafts like Airbus A320 family and the Boeing 737 series

 

2010 - Again there is a certain revival of production and the number of employees in the sector is estimated at about 115 000

 

2010-2011 - There is strong export growth in the sector

 

2011 - Yazaki established its second factory in Bulgaria in Sliven

 

2012 - Start of the production in car manufacturing plant established by Litex Motors Corporation in cooperation with the Chinese Great Wall Motor Co

 

2014 – Witte Automotive expand its plant in Ruse

 

2015 - Behr-Hella Thermocontrol (BHTC) opened its own plant in Sofia-Bozhurishte Economic Zone for the production of automotive air condition control and control systems

 

2015 - Festo opened a new industrial base in Sofia for production, logistics and a testing laboratory

 

2016 - Sensata Technologies - world leader in automotive sensors, opened its new pressure sensing plant, located in the Maritza Industrial Zone

 

2016 - Villi Elbe Automotive Bulgaria opened a new plant to the town of Kuklen, part of the Trakia Economic Zone for steering systems

 


Current situation

 

The sector is expected to grow significantly in the next years. Currently, the industry employs more than 50 000 people, generates revenues of € 1.03 bn and is closely related with other industries like electronics and electrical engineering. Important trend in the industry is relocation of some manufacturing activities (both equipment and assembly) from developed countries to low-cost countries.

 

Size of Machine Building sector

 

Size

% of manufacturing

Employees

52 580

5.8%

 

 

Main Subsectors

  • Heavy machine building
  • Metal-cutting and metal-processing machines
  • Hydraulic elements and systems
  • Material handling machinery
  • Agriculture machinery
  • Vehicle production and spare parts
  • Ship building and repair
  • Military equipment

 

Metal-cutting and metal-processing machines

Company

Revenues BGN mln

Number of employees

Manufacturing Activity

RemotexRadnevo SPJSC - Radnevo

24

561

Machinery for mining, quarrying and construction

ZMM Sliven JSC - Sliven

48.4

400

Metal processing machines

Chimmash-98 JSC - Haskovo

7

174

Machines for chemical industry

 

Military equipment

Company

Revenues BGN mln

Number of employees

Manufacturing Activity

Arcus JSC - Lyaskovetz

68

1 957

Weapons and ammunition

Vazov Machine Works SPJSC - Sopot

60

3 526

Weapons and ammunition

Arsenal JSC - Kazanluk

29

7 225

Weapons and ammunition

 

Hydraulic elements and systems and Material handling equipment

Company

Revenues BGN mln

Number of employees

Manufacturing Activity

Ideal StandartVidima JSC - Sevlievo

377

1 918

taps and valves

Ixetic SPLTD - Stryama

122

204

vacuum pumps and compressors

M+S Hydraulic JSC - Kazanluk

79

1010

Manufacture of pumps and compressors

PalfingerProduktionstehnikBulgarien SPLTD - Tchervenbryag

97

852

lifting and handling equipment

Hydraulic Elements and Systems JSC - Yambol

36

522

pumps, compressors and hydraulic cylinders

Sparky-Eltos JSC - Lovetch

31

506

machine-tools

Caproni JSC - Kazanluk

28

811

pumps and compressors

Vap Hydro SPLTD - Pleven

24

353

engines and turbines

Podemcrane JSC - Gabrovo

12

192

lifting and handling equipment

Balkankar Record JSC - Plovdiv

9

154

lifting and handling equipment

 

Ship building and repair

Company

Revenues BGN mln

Number of employees

Manufacturing Activity

Bulyard Ship-building Industry SPJSC - Varna

87

552

Building and repairing of ships

Shipyard Rousse JSC - Rousse

31

451

Building and repairing of ships

OdessosShiprepair Yard S.A. JSC - Varna

30

903

Building and repairing of ships

Terem KRZ Fleet Arsenal Varna SPLTD - Varna

20

652

Building and repairing of ships

Bourgas Shipyards JSC - Bourgas

3.1

166

Building and repairing of ships

 

Transport equipment

Company

Revenues BGN mln

Number of employees

Manufacturing Activity

Se Bordnetze Bulgaria SPLTD - Karnobat

154

2 081

Parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines

Yazaki Bulgaria SPLTD - Yambol

131

3400

Electronics, wire and wiring harnesses

SKF Bearings Bulgaria SPJSC - Sofia

52

1 535

Bearings, gears, gearing and driving elements

Transwagon JSC - Bourgas

51

625

Railway and tramway locomotives

Lufthansa Technik Sofia Ltd.

50

472

Repair and maintenance of aircraft

Madara JSC - Shoumen

47

259

Motor vehicles

Grammer JSC - Trudovetz

44

610

Parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines

Teklas Bulgaria JSC - Kurdzhali

30

301

Parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines

Cross LTD - Montana

29

252

Bicycles

Montupet SPLTD - Rousse

14

365

Engine heads

Drouzhba JSC - Razgrad

5.6

292

Parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines

Velomania SPLTD - Sofia

3.5

46

Bicycles

Litex Motors JSC - Sofia

n.a.

2000

Automobiles

Witte Automotive Bulgaria SPLTD - Rousse

n.a.

130

Parts and accessories for motor vehicles and their engines

 

Europe cluster map in automotive industry

Photo gallery:

Machine Building