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Chemistry

Human resources

Wages

 

Compared to the other countries in the region, Bulgaria offers some of the lowest labor costs in all of the four subsectors:

 

Labor cost per employee in full time units,  (€/hour)

Country

Manufacture of paper and paper products

Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products

Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products

Bulgaria

2.11

3.30

1.66

2.69

Romania

3.20

4.84

3.22

4.01

Latvia

5.47

5.66

4.95

6.45

Lithuania

5.71

9.46

5.75

6.55

Poland

6.85

9.15

6.63

7.60

Hungary

7.81

11.20

6.91

8.11

Estonia

7.89

8.63

7.58

9.01

Slovakia

8.89

9.46

7.10

8.40

Czech Republic

8.93

10.12

8.43

9.61

Slovenia

12.44

15.50

12.67

12.41

Greece

14.55

16.70

12.67

19.63

EU (27)

24.15

31.55

20.08

19.99

 

Qualified experts with long-standing experience contribute to relatively high labor productivity.

Monthly average wages in the chemistry sector vary between €300 and €650 depending on the position.

 

Average earnings covered by social security, (€/month)

  • Bulgaria has one of Europe’s highest relative labor productivity in the chemical sector
  • In Bulgaria, €100 of labor cost investments generate €148 of output

 

Apparent labour productivity by avg. personnel costs, (%)

Source: Eurostat

Education

  • There are five technical universities located in the cities of Sofia, Plovdiv, Burgas, Ruse and Varna
  • 11% of the students major in courses relevant to the needs of the chemical and related industries
  • 34% of the students in vocational secondary schools study related courses
  • 43% of the students in the vocational secondary schools in the sector are concentrated in the cities of Sofia, Plovdiv, Burgas, Ruse and Varna
  • Many universities have contacts with companies in the sector which offer scholarships programs, trainings and bursaries for young specialists

Number of students in accredited tertiary education schools


Source: ATKearney, Ministry of education

 


About 60 000 students in related courses in vocational secondary schools

Electronics and electrical engineering

31 200 students

Manufacture of chemicals

2 460 students

Machine building and transport equipment

15 100 students

Other related courses

10 000 students

  • University of Ruse “Angel Kanchev”

    • 8 500 students • Special partnership program with the Cornell University

    More information »
  • University “Prof. Dr. Assen Zlatarov” - Burgas

    • 4 800 students • Specialties: Mechanical and Instrumentation Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Electronics, Transport Equipment and Technologies, etc.

    More information »
  • University of Plovdiv “Paisii Hilendarski”

    • 16 500 students • Faculty of Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Mathematics and Informatics, etc.

    More information »
  • University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy

    • 4 000 students • Accredited specialties by the European Federation of National Engineering Associations /FEANI/

    More information »
  • Technical University of Sofia

    • 22 654 students • Departments in automation, machine and equipment, transport equipment, electronics and electrical engineering, machine building, engineering, etc.

    More information »
  • Varna Technical University

    • 5 400 students

    More information »
  • Vocational Secondary School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Sofia

    Vocational Secondary School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Sofia

    More information »
  • Vocational Secondary School of Chemical and Food Technology “Prof. Dr. Assen Zlatarov”, Dimitrovgrad

    Vocational Secondary School of Chemical and Food Technology “Prof. Dr. Assen Zlatarov”, Dimitrovgrad

    More information »
  • Vocational Secondary School of Chemical and Microbiological Technology “Prof. Pencho Raikov”, Sofia

    Vocational Secondary School of Chemical and Microbiological Technology “Prof. Pencho Raikov”, Sofia

    More information »
  • Vocational Secondary School of Chemical Technology “Acad. N. D. Zelinskii”, Burgas

    Vocational Secondary School of Chemical Technology “Acad. N. D. Zelinskii”, Burgas

    More information »
  • Ruse University “Angel Kanchev” - Chemistry

    Ruse University “Angel Kanchev”

    More information »
  • Plovdiv University “Paisii Hilendarski” - Chemistry

    Plovdiv University “Paisii Hilendarski”

    More information »
  • Technical University of Varna

    Technical University of Varna

    More information »
  • University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski”

    University of Mining and Geology “St. Ivan Rilski”

    More information »
  • Burgas Prof. Assen Zlatarov University

    Burgas Prof. Assen Zlatarov University

    More information »
  • University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy

    University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy

    More information »
  • Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski - Chemistry

    Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski - Chemistry

    More information »