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Demographic Profile

  • Population: 6 951 482 (2019)
  • 60.8% of the population is of working age (25-64 years)
  • About 49.5% of the working age population (25-64 years) speak at least one foreign language
  • Approximately 80% of the population in active age for work have secondary or higher education
  • Around two thirds of the students in the country learn English or German
  • Bulgaria is a highly urbanized country as over 5 million people live in the cities


Population as of 31.12.2019 by districts




Main cities


Population: 1 291 591


The capital of Bulgaria is the center of the legislative, executive and judiciary power (the National Assembly, the Presidency and the Council of Ministers).


Sofia is the 13th largest city in the European Union. It is a

financial hub, home of the Bulgarian National Bank, the Bulgarian Stock Exchange, the Financial Supervision Commission.



In Sofia:

is concentrated 1/4 of the workforce in the country;

is centered 1/6 of the industrial production of Bulgaria

are produced 34.3 percent of GDP of Bulgaria


Educational Snapshot:


16 language schools with business curriculum


18 language schools with IT curriculum


21 universities


26 000 graduates per year





In the VIII century BC at the place of a neolithic city occurs the ancient tracian city Serdica – named after the Thracian tribe Serdi. The reason for the settlement of these lands are the hot mineral springs that abound in the Sofia field.


There are about 50 hydrothermal deposits in the surroundings of Sofia. Sofia is the only European capital that has eight different types of mineral water. It is able to cure up to 100 thousand people every day.








Population: 338 153

One of the major administrative, industrial, transport, educational and tourist centres.

One of the fastest growing economies in the country with an average GDP growth of 12-13%.

Well-developed transport infrastructure including an international airport.

Three of the ten Pan-European corridors pass near the city (IV, VIII and X).

The International Plovdiv Fair dates back to 1892, and nowadays is one of the most important trade events in Southeastern Europe. This is the largest exhibition center in Southeastern Europe.


The Roman Stadium in Plovdiv is one of the largest Roman buildings in the  Balkans. Its length is 180 meters and its capacity - 30 000 people.


The Ancient Theatre was built in I-II century.

Due to the good acoustics, owing to the specific architecture of the theater, it is still used for concerts and other events since it contains about 5 000 - 7 000 spectators.



Educational Snapshot:


7 universities and 2 colleges


42 470 students


11 360 graduates from universities annually


53 vocational education centers and 26 vocational high schools


5 630 high-school graduates per year





Population: 343 704

The biggest city on the black sea coast. A major tourist destination, and a business and university centre.


Headquarters of the Bulgarian Navy and merchant marine.

Varna region produces 5.4% of the national GDP.


The province is third in the country by foreign investments per capita.

It has a well-developed transport infrastructure including an international airport and a heliport.


Varna Airport offers flights to some of the biggest cities in Europe - Brussels, Vienna, London, and Moscow.


Major roads include European routes E70 to Bucharest and E87 to Istanbul, and Pan-European corridor VIII.


Educational Snapshot:


12 language schools with Business, Mathematics and IT curriculum


8 technical educational institutions


5 universities and higher schools, 9 400 graduates per year


The Botanical garden in Balchik is famous for its collection of large-sized cactuses and succulents, exposed in an open area of about 1 ha. The garden is the second of its kind in Europe after that of Monaco. In this unique garden grow over 2 500 plant species.




Population: 212 902


Situated on the Black Sea coast. Major tourist destination as well as a major administrative, industrial, and educational center.


Well-developed transport infrastructure, including international airport.


The Pan-European corridor VIII (Durres - Tirana - Skopje - Sofia - Plovdiv - Varna) passes through the city.


Burgas port is the largest one in Bulgaria. It operates 28 vessel berths featuring dwt of 125 000t to be handled.



Educational Snapshot:


2 universities


4 language specialized schools


3 500 graduates per year


Spirit of Burgas is a music festival for Bulgarian and international music. In 2009, the event was indicated by "The Times" as one of the 20 best festival destinations.



Veliko Tarnovo

Population: 88 670


One of the oldest settlements in Bulgaria with rich history and culture.


The main attraction of the city is the well preserved medieval fortress, named Tsarevets.


Well developed transport and communication infrastructure.


Major roads: European route E85 connecting Edirne with Bucharest and E772 connecting Sofia with Varna.



Educational Snapshot:

3 universities


8 high schools


8 500 graduates per year


Arbanasi architectural museum reserve is situated 5 km away from Veliko Turnovo. It is one of the hundred national tourist sites in Bulgaria.


Tsarevets Hill in Veliko Tarnovo has five thousand years of history. It was inhabited during the Copper Age, as the first village on the hill dates from 4200 BC.


The audiovisual performance "Sound and Light", which implicates itself in light, sound effects and verbal narrative, is historical narration of the most important moments of Bulgarian history. It first took place in 1985.







Population: 167 585

The biggest Bulgarian river port and a big industrial centre (automotive industry, ceramics and chemistry).


One of the first industrial zones in Bulgaria, which hosts international companies like Montupet, Keros Bulgaria and many others, is located in Ruse.


Located along Pan-European corridor IX and the Danube Bridge - the major road and rail connection between Bulgaria and Romania

Ruse is 60 km away from the international airport Bucharest.



Educational Snapshot:

1 university


3 language schools


1 900 graduates per year


The central part of the town is famous for its unique architecture from the late XIX-th and the beginning of the twentieth century. Ruse is often called "Little Vienna" because of the architectural monuments, in which are covered baroque styles, modern, neoclassical and art Secession style.




Population: 77 441

Educational, administrative, transport, agricultural and tourist centre (famous for nearby cultural and natural landmarks, as well as for the nearby Bansko ski resort).


Located along Pan-European Corridor IV. A new highway connecting West European destinations with Greece is under construction. Railway line connecting Sofia to Thessaloniki passes through Blagoevgrad.



Educational Snapshot:

2 universities, 3 000 graduates per year


3 language and several business high schools


In 1991 in Blagovegrad was established the first American University in Bulgaria. Currently (as of 10.2011) it trains 1 100 students from 45 countries coming from 5 continents. About 60% of students are foreign.